Although flowers are used to decorate and embellish our homes, it is good to remember that they are living Flower plants.
Flowers are complex organisms; even once cut, they continue to live while they delight us with their compositions. We will now go to see the parts that compose them and to clarify their anatomy. It may have been several years since the last hour of high school biology, but there is something else in the flowers besides petals and stamens.
As we will see, the flowers are rather sophisticated plants.
This is the female part of the plant, which is located at the center of the flower and consists of 4 parts:
- Stimma – It is the sticky top of the pistil that receives the pollen to fertilize the eggs
- Stilo – The long stem that supports the stigma
- Ovary – Located at the base of the pistil and contains the eggs
- Ovules – Here are the egg cells and where the seeds are born
You are wondering, what are the sepals and what are they different from the petals? Well, the answer is simple. The sepals are the most robust and green external petals that protect the bud before it blooms.
The masculine part, on the other hand, is a bit different from the pistil. Sometimes, depending on the flower, it can even be attached to the pistil stello. There are also smaller parts of the stamen which are:
- Antere – The pollen bags of the flower
- Filaments – The small stalks that support the anthers
Probably we would not be so attracted by the flowers if it were not for their petals and this, in fact, is precisely their function. The main task is to attract pollinating insects that help the flowers reproduce. That’s why they have these bright colors and such bewitching perfumes, to attract your attention (or that of a bee or a butterfly that flit around).
Coat of arms
The peduncle, better known as the crest of a plant, is the main artery of a flower as it transports water and nutrients from the roots to the top of the plant. Even without the roots, the coat of arms can still absorb water but cannot filter out harmful bacteria. That’s why cut flowers often need fresh water. The peduncle contains two other important parts:
Leaves – Accumulate the solar energy that the plant needs to grow
Receptacle – It is the largest part of the emblem that supports the flower
What is the best part of the flower for you? Tell us yours in the comments below.